What Establishes Man’s Responsibility? (Corrected / Updated)

On page 10 of What Do Presbyterians Believe? (1965) Dr. Gordon H. Clark (possibly the greatest theologian, philosopher, and logician ever—the scholar’s scholar) wrote, “Knowledge is the basis of responsibility”.

Either he meant this in a limited way, which he did not so qualify, or this was earlier in his career* and he did not realize that this thinking was in error.  I believe in other works of his (and I have read almost every book—over 40 I believe—that he wrote, at least once, and have read him nearly every day for 8 years) he expresses sentiments that contradict the above statement. 

Maybe he meant: Knowledge is the intermediate means through which man realizes that he is responsible.

I do not have the time to pour through his books (all of which I stock and make available, see the list at the end of this treatise) to find such statements, but I believe that they may be contained his Predestination and possibly also other related thought in Essays on Ethics and Politics and A Christian View of Men and Things (among others).

[* I have written and / or highly annotated (often my notes far exceed the text of the book) around 175 books.  However, over the past 30 years, I have often gone back over and rewritten, often a complete overhaul and facelift, every book that I wrote in my first decade—and I have often been shocked, appalled, and embarrassed.**  However, as we grow and mature*** (if we are honest), we will continually learn, and discard error as it is so proved to be, and embrace truth as it is revealed (sadly, the majority do not do this, because they have no love for the truth, but merely love for tradition or their own ego).  This presents a dilemma for any author, teacher, philosopher, minister, or theologian.  One can never know all truth; one can never be perfect; so then, how does one go about presuming to teach anything based upon those facts...? —humbly and fearfully before God; while being in a continual state of prayer, asking God to reveal truth and identify, isolate, and weed out error, continually, even as the waves of the ocean bathe the shore and continually fine polish and smooth the grains of sand (which are a great part tiny broken pieces of sea shell and coral); and all-the-while realizing that he does not know everything (and that he knows nothing as he should), and being in a never-ending state of “continuing self-education under the guidance of the Holy Spirit”.  Cassette tapes (and the even older 8-track tapes, for those who can remember that far back) and some other more-modern magnetic data storage systems (like small hard floppy discs, for those who can remember them) have little tabs that can be depressed to either permanently, or temporarily prevent any future data being copied onto them.  They then are functionally ROM, “read-only memory”.  However, we should never so settle on our lees, rest on our laurels, or be so complacent or conceited.  Truth never changes; so there is no fear of losing the basics, the fundamentals (if one understands the building blocks of truth and respects them).  However, all else should be compared to the Standard, and either incorporated or discarded.  The greatest problem is that the majority (including most “Christians”) reject the truth if it is not what they wanted it to be; and they base their “belief system” (which is mostly pagan superstition and humanistic philosophy) upon their “feelings” and “personal experience” and how they fantasize that reality “should be” (as if they were God!).  The success of understanding truth depends on how well a person understands logical thought and how well he understands what the true Standard, the Truth**** is, in addition to any level of delusion upon which the person operates, and whether he follows the Holy Spirit where He is going, or instead goes “off-roading” wherever he pleases.

** ... and, should Christ tarry,* in another 30 years (and should I live that long and still have my wits about me), I fully expect to be chagrined then at what I have written during this era, though [hopefully] not as starkly.  “Some” of my earliest writings and thought (but certainly not all) I look back upon, sort of how Rembrandt in his prime may have looked back upon his own “refrigerator art” (or the equivalent thereof).

* —which does not seem likely or possible.  I see 2024 as the general time frame of Christ’s Return (based upon Bible Chronology, Numerics, and other historical facts); and truthfully, I would not to want to live another 10 years from now, let alone 30, if the world continues as it has, increasing in wickedness exponentially every decade, which will eventually begin increasing exponentially in wickedness each year, as in some movies, as a timer on a bomb gets close to detonation, the last seconds become half-seconds, then miliseconds.  God could have a “Great Reset” of His own planned, in which, sending a pestilence the likes of which this world has never seen since the Bubonic Plague / Black Death (for which I have been praying daily for many years—because this world deserves Judgment), in which (according to Psalm 91) God would selectively control those harvested by the pestilence and preserve His elect through it (Revelation 12:16).  However, I don’t see the destruction of the majority of the wicked and civilization being “reset” to allow the continuation of the world in this age as a likelihood based on Bible Chronology and Numerics.  True, God will cause a pestilence to cause the earth to help the woman and her child, to receive the overflow of the Flood that the Dragon has vomited forth to destroy them; but Christ shall not remove all of the tares and every plant that His Heavenly Father did not plant, until He returns with the holy angels to deliver His elect, at which time Satan shall be bound and Christ will establish the Millennial Kingdom.

***hopefully people will mature.  I wrote decades ago, “Sadly, the majority of people do not mature; they merely age.  The majority of people over the age of 20 today are adolescents running around in adults’ bodies”.

**** The Standard God’s Natural Law and God’s Revealed Law—Truth is Constant: It does not change. Ever. If it changes, it was not Truth. This is why science is continually “changing”—because scientists, in many areas, have not yet discovered Truth or Law (and hence, not true “science”, but science fiction, in many areas, especially in the “soft sciences”, which are not science, but “bad art”—perverse fictional storytelling).  They have not discovered actual scientific Law, if it “changes”; but merely “approximations” of Law (or spurious propaganda that must be prommulgated to sustain the false humanistic narrative that the antichrists are using to destroy Christendom—the very opposite of what God commanded in most areas).

Sir Thomas Huxley poignantly expressed:

“God give me strength to face a fact though it slay me.”

Thomas Jefferson nobly expressed:

“There is not a truth existing which I fear, or would wish unknown to the whole world.”

“I have sworn upon the Holy Altar of God eternal hostility against every form of tyranny over the mind of man.”

Christ Jesus declared,

“And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.” (John 8:32)

Pilate inquired,

“What is Truth?”

Truth never changes. Therefore, unlike many things in life, once you have obtained it you don’t need to continually find a new one to replace it; though it does require maintenance.  Thus Christ, the Personification of Wisdom declares through Solomon,

“7Wisdom is the principal thing; therefore get wisdom: and with all thy getting get understanding.  8Exalt her, and she shall promote thee: she shall bring thee to honour, when thou dost embrace her.  9She shall give to thine head an ornament of grace: a crown of glory shall she deliver to thee.” (Proverbs 4)

Christ declared, “I am the Way, the Truth, and the Life...”  Christ Himself is called the Word (logos [2 short os, as in log], “the rational, logical word, thought”) of God.  The written Word of God embodies the expression of the Living Word of God, Christ Himself: Creator, Lawgiver, and Judge.  God had Peter eloquently, and timelessly express:

“1Simon Peter,* a servant and an apostle of Christ Jesus, to them that have obtained like precious faith with us through the Righteousness of God and our Saviour Christ Jesus: 2Grace and peace be multiplied unto you through the knowledge of God, and of Jesus our Lord, 3According as His Divine Power hath given unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of Him that hath called us to Glory and Virtue: 4Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious Promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the Divine Nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.  5And beside this, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge; 6And to knowledge temperance; and to temperance patience; and to patience godliness; 7And to godliness brotherly kindness;* and to brotherly kindness charity.**  8For if these things be in you, and abound, they make you that ye shall neither be barren nor unfruitful in the knowledge of our Lord Christ Jesus.  9But he that lacketh these things is blind, and cannot see afar off...” (II Peter 1)

* Note also the fondness (my impression) with which the Apostle calls himself, by his birthname—followed by the new name that Christ gave him (John 1:42, Peter being the Greek form of the Aramaic, Cephas [pronounced kay-fas]).  However, interestingly though Christ renamed Simon, He did not call Simon by that new name until Peter’s ground-breaking confession at Caesarea-Phillipi.  After Christ asked, “but whom do YOU ALL say that I am”, Peter boldly replied, “Thou art THE CHRIST, the SON OF THE LIVING GOD!” (Matthew 16:14)  It was then that Christ conferred the Promise of the Keys of the Kingdom (the authority to by faith call God’s Will in Heaven to become manifest in earth, in binding evil and loosing good through God’s Holy Spirit’s invitation to work among God’s people), not merely upon Peter, but upon all the disciples, though Peter, James, and John certainly constituted the “inner core” and the chief disciples and later apostles.  It was then that Christ called Simon by his new name “thou art Peter [Petros, “a piece of rock”], and upon this Rock [petra, “a mass of rock”, that is, upon Myself] I will build My church; and the Gates of Hell shall not prevail against it.*

* Note also that Scripture does not teach pacifism or irresponsible impotence.  The very fact that the Gates of Hell shall not prevail against the true Church indicates that the true Church is supposed to be on the offensive!  Armies do not carry the gates of their city into battle with them; gates are under assault when the enemy is on the run, on the defensive.

** It needs to be pointed out that these are not generic, indescriminate virtues as believed by humanists and other “friends of the world”, but are rigidly defined by boundaries established by God.]

Therefore, allow me to dissect and present the Biblical position.

Is knowledge the basis for responsibility?

Consider a leper, and that God commanded that lepers (not healthy people) be quarantined in a leper colony, outside the community, until and if that person be cured of leprosy.  Does the leper only have leprosy if he has knowledge that he has leprosy?  Is he only “guilty” of having leprosy if he knows about it?  Scripture clearly informs us that the sinner is guilty, even if he does not realize that he has committed an offense.  Ignorant sin is sin nonetheless (and thus, men not teaching their descendants what God commanded does not absolve subsequent generations of their guilt—it merely handicaps them, making obedience that much harder).

[This is sad, but it is the Law of the Harvest. We have no one to blame but ourselves. If you plant poison ivy seeds, who do you have to blame when strawberries do not come up? Sin is debt; just like the so-called “National” Debt.* Any time a person wants, he can dig up the noxious seeds and plant good things. Yes, it seems “unfair” that you inherit the weeds of your ancestors, countrymen, and neighbors around you.** That is focusing on the wrong thing. You should focus on what YOU can do; you should focus on what you are obligated before God to do. It is the egocentric, double-minded (hypocritical) sin that causes a person to think that he has the “right” to inherit his ancestors’ wealth, but not their debt!

* —which in reality, is not “National” debt, but the personal debt of every politician (and his family) that voted to ever spend a single penny of taxpayer money (and go into even a penny of debt) for any purpose that was not Constitutional (which accounts for 99% of all that “government” does); and it is the personal debt of everyone who received “benefits” and services that they did not fully pay for, and every person, corporation, or nation that received any such taxpayer funds (or “future” taxpayer funds, called “debt”)—for in doing so, they were accomplices in the politicians' crime.  For more details, see my book, The Liberty Document, 350pp., 20.00 + P&H.

** Ultimately, this discussion of why suffering and sin exist has its roots in God’s Sovereignty and Determinism, which I discuss in detail in my books, Does God Repent...? — Can God Change His Mind...?, 506pp., pb., 25.00 + P&H and God and Evil, 280pp., pb., 18.00 + P&H—which humanists (including those who think that they are “Christians”) cannot accept because they are unregenerate, their minds have not been renewed, and they cannot receive the things of God, but rather, are at war with God and His Decrees (Romans 8:7: though “they are not subject to” should be rendered, they are not in submission to; the issue is not whether they are under God’s Authority—for most certainly they are—the issue is that they functionally ignore their duty to obey Him).]

Similarly, God commanded that if an animal took a human life, the animal was to be put to death. Animals have neither mental capacity or a conscience to understand (much less care about) morality or the consequences of actions in regard to the life of another—but that does not absolve them of responsibility.

[And this is yet another blatant inconsistency and hypocrisy of secular humanists, godless atheists, liberals, and other God-haters.  In the case of a four-legged animal (who has no mental capacity for moral understanding and self-control) if an animal kills a human, the animal is put down.  However, when what evolutionists consider to be be a two-legged animal commits the same crime, if he has a cunning lawyer, if he is a good actor, or even if his mind is not actually “running on all cylinders”, the two-legged murderer can “get off” and evade responsibility if the lawyer can prove “diminished capacity or mental defect”.  Such a legal system is anti-God.  Such a legal system was not established by our Founders; but by interlopers, corrupters, destroyers of Christendom.]

So what establishes culpability, guilt, and therefore, responsibility...?

The Law of God does.  However, sin and wickedness still exist even before the Law is given.  However, God in His Mercy did not impute guilt before the Law was given (Romans 5:13). 

[Contrary to false teaching that is rife, Sinai was not the first giving of God’s Law.  Sinai (a.k.a. Horeb) was the first codefied giving of the Law of God as a whole, to God’s people as a corporate body.  Before that time, God had given His Law to Adam, and it was transmitted orally from Patriarch to Patriarch, with periodic updates from God as man’s continued plunge into degeneracy (which those who are anti-God call “progress”) required greater restraint.]

However, even before the Law was given in some areas, man knew in his mind that certain behaviours were wrong, bad, evil.  The problem was, as man degenerated further, he no longer cared whether he crossed those boundaries that in his nature he knew were wrong.

[God had not commanded, “Thou shalt do no murder”; yet Cain knew that doing so was wrong: for he lured Abel away from the presence of his family, slew him in secret, and then hid the body—and then attempted to not know what God was talking about when God adjudicated the matter.]

And that is one of the purposes of the Law: to ferret out sin—for it is by the Law that we have the knowledge of sin (Romans 3:20).  But it is not that knowledge that makes us responsible (Romans 2:12).  It is the Law of God that makes us responsible.  The Law of God is part of the Word of God, that liveth and abideth forever (I Peter 1:23).  The Law (which forever established morality in every single area, each time that God declared, “Thou shalt not!” and “This shalt thou do!”), the Word of God represents the Will of God, and is but an extension of the Mind of God.  Thus, man is responsible because God so decreed man to be responsible.  Whether sinful man agrees or disagrees, likes or dislikes, acknowledges or disavows this truth is utterly irrelevant.  God is Holy.  God is True.  God is Perfect.  God is Immutable.  Morality never changes.  The Decrees of God do not change.  God declared,

“Behold, all souls are Mine; as the soul of the father, so also the soul of the son is Mine...” (Ezekiel 18:4)

—which is His Right as Creator, Lord, Master, Owner.  He then also continued,

“the soul that sinneth, it shall die.”

—which, again, is His Right as Creator, Lord, Master, Owner.

There it is in a nutshell: distilled truth that explains everything.  The answer the question, “Why?”, in every area, is always the same answer: Because God said so.

That is His Right, as Creator, as Divine Parent who by His Own Will in and Act of procreation, conceived all and brought many sons into Glory.

Those who don’t like it, who reject and refuse to believe it, have a “God-problem” (and that “God-Problem” is far greater than they imagine, as they shall find out on Judgment Day).  The issue is not who is right and who is wrong.  The issue is that we are all wrong: There is none righteous, no not one; there is none that doeth good; there is none that seeketh after God; all have gone astray.  The issue is each person submitting to God, learning His Will, which He commanded to a thousand generations (it has only been about 178 generations from Adam) and coming into conformity with His Will and walking in the Spirit so you will not fulfill the lusts of the flesh (which are none other than the violation of all that God commanded, which the verses that follow Galatians 5:16 iterate)—which is not some “spiritual ether” of mere esoteric inspirational thought, but actualy obedience to all that God commanded, which are His House Rules that He commands His children to obey.  Obedience does not “save” you.  Obedience does not “make” you His child.  That, again, is the result of His Will and Act in procreation (and it is likewise in regeneration).  You are established as an honorable son, whom the Father will bless, and cause to inherit of Him, by obedience to all that He commanded (“picking and choosing” what you want to obey, is not obedience, but doing what you want).  Furthermore, dishonorable, rebellious, immoral children have the Promise that their prayers will NOT be heard, and that God will NOT protect or bless them.

Solomon, after an entire lifetime of folly encapsulated in an entire book recounting folly (see S.T.E.Commentary on Ecclesiastes, 554pp., pb,. 30.00 + P&H), finally distilled Truth into another nutshell:

“13Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear God, and keep His Commandments: for this is the whole duty of man.  14For God shall bring every work into Judgment, with every secret thing, whether it be good, or whether it be evil.” (chapter 12)

Again, this obedience is not for salvation—but, if one walks in violation of the majority of what God commanded, and lives his life under the delusion that he is a moral “free agent”, then most probably he was never regenerated.  Those who act as if they are their own, most probably were not “bought with a price”, which is why they live as if their body and breath is their own and not God’s, which is why they do not so glorify God in the manner that He commanded (doing what they want instead of what He commanded).  Those who do not obey God have no fear of God, because they do not know God (Romans 3:18; I John 2:4).  Paul echoes this sentiment of Solomon:

“7...the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with His mighty angels, 8In Flaming Fire taking Vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the Gospel of our Lord Christ Jesus: 9Who shall be punished with Everlasting Destruction from the Presence of the Lord, and from the Glory of His Power; 10When he shall come to be glorified in His saints, and to be admired in all them that believe (because our testimony among you was believed) in that Day.” (II Thessalonians 1)

Until that day, here alone are those that shall survive the Wrath to come:

“And the Dragon was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the Commandments of God, and have the Testimony of Christ Jesus.” (Revelation 12:17)

“Here is the patience [perseverence] of the saints: here are they that keep the Commandments of God, and the Faith of Jesus.” (Revelation 14:12)

[A tree does not bear apples in order to become an apple tree.  An apple tree bears apples because that is what its Creator determined for it to bear: “For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.” (Ephesians 2:10)  These “good works” are not of man’s notions; these “good works” are the very obedience to all that God commanded; to the way in which He established us to walk, and turn neither to the left hand or to the right.  Obedience does not save: it is a by-product of salvation; if one has truly been regenerated, he will bear signs of true life.  Those who are actually branches on Christ, the true Vine, will bear His fruit; which will never violate the morality that God established forever.]

Titles by Dr. Gordon H. Clark

Gordon Clark greatest philosopher & theologian of our era; yet relatively unknown; his works indispensable to Christian faith; philosopher whose powers of logic were without equal; able writer, brief, to the point, but hands-down convincing, arguments being irrefutable; exposes logical blunders of philosophers and theologians of all eras. His mastery of theology, philosophy, language, history, political science is amazing, awe-inspiring. No Christian should be unfamiliar with his works. inquire for complete list; the below are best for starters. Most Christians cannot think logically and therefore, their notions of what Scripture teaches are without foundation. Without truly knowing what one believes, one has little true faith; only an emotional experience; shows that most modern Christian churches, are not Christian at all. As I have expressed, if one has not read Gordon Clark, it is not too extreme to say he has possibly never truly thought; or, at least, he has not thought truly. Please consider these below titles... I cannot stress this enough. (# indicates recommended order in which to read them)  Email for complete list of all his works.

(1) The Atonement, 163pp., pb., 11.00 + P&H. A MUST.

 Behaviorism and Christianity, 130pp., 10.00 + P&H.

(9) The Biblical Doctrine of Man, 127pp., pb., 10.00 + P&H.

(3) A Christian View of Men and Things, 251pp., 10.25 x 7.25, pb., 18.00 (reg. 22.00); Hb., 25.00 (reg. 30.00) + P&H. In this work he utterly demolishes the false philosophies upon which all political science has been based (from Aristotle, Rousseau, Spengler) and shows how their models are antichristian, socialist, and bound only to fail.

(14) Christian Philosophy (containing 3 separate works, Religion, Reason, and Revelation; Three Types of Religious Philosophy; & Introduction to Christian Philosophy) 377pp., 10.25 x 7.25, pb., 18.00 (reg. 22.00); Hb., 25.00 (reg. 30.00) + P&H.

(7) A Christian Philosophy of Education, 175pp., 10.25 x 7.25, pb., 13.00; Hb., 17.00 (reg. 19.00) + P&H. Written in 1946 with great foresight even then promoted educating children in Christian schools or at home; a landmark work written by a Christian educator who taught for 60 years; he later updated and expanded this edition in the early 1980s.

Clark Speaks from the Grave, 77pp., 5.00 + P&H.

The Clark-Van Till Controversy, Hoeksema, 111pp., 10.00 + P&H.

(7) Colossians, 149pp., 11.00 + P&H.

Commentaries on Paul’s Letters, 398pp., pb., 20.00 + P&H. (reg. 22); Hb., 26.00 + P&H. (reg. 30) containing: Ephesians;

Colossians ; First Thessalonians (Prefatory Note on Textual Criticism); Second Thessalonians (Appendix: Logical

Criticisms of Textual Criticism: Examples from the Old Testament, New Testament Examples, Logical and Textual

Criticism, The Greek Text, Variant Readings, Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Acts, Romans, Revelation).

Cornelius Van Till: The Man the Myth, Robbins, 45pp., 4.00 + P&H.

(7) Ephesians, 213pp., 12.00 + P&H.

(13) Essays on Ethics and Politics, 221pp., 11.00 + P&H.

(7) First and Second Thessalonians, 175pp. 12.00 + P&H.

(7) First Corinthians, 349pp., 16.00 + P&H.

(9) First John, pb., 11.00 + P&H.

God and Evil: The Problem Solved, 60pp., large pb., 6.00 + P&H.

(3) God’s Hammer: The Bible and Its Critics, 215pp., pb., 15.00 + P&H. Every Christian needs to read this one, and his

Atonement and What is the Christian Life?

Gordon H. Clark: Personal Recollections, Robbins, 150pp., 11.00 + P&H.

(10) Historiography: Secular and Religious, 366pp., pb., 14.00 + P&H. Good complement to “A Christian View of Men and Things” in Modern Philosophy, but it is more advanced reading.

(7) The Holy Spirit, 129pp., 9.00 + P&H - consummate scholar, admirable defender of faith, bold, pithy, dry wit. To me this seems to be less a book about the Holy Spirit than it is a critique of errors in books by others on the Holy Spirit (and in most cases, he is probably right & insight illuminating / important). [However, after Clark’s book, I recommend Arthur Pink’s; keeping in mind truth learned from Clark.] Clark’s successor, Robbins, in an Appendix, gives a masterful overview of how Wesley/Finney’s Armenianism which also influened the Pentecostal and Holiness Movements served to pave the way back to Catholic doctrine. Clark’s treatment of Pentecostalism and Robbins Appendix are worth the price of the book.

(4) The Incarnation, 91pp., pb., 9.00 + P&H.

Introduction to Christian Philosophy, 151pp., 10.00 + P&H.

(12) In Defense of Theology, Hb., 119pp., 20.00 + P&H.; large pb., 66pp., 10.00 + P&H.

Karl Barth’s Theological Method, 320pp., 19.00 + P&H.

Language and Theology, 175pp., 12.00 + P&H.

(16) Logic, 140pp., Hb., 17.00 + P&H. This will prob. be difficult for most people to understand. However, even if you can only read first 40 / 50pp. it will be of help. Reading his other books will be a lesson in logic itself; though you won’t be able to grasp everything in first reading of his books, absorb what you can & use a dictionary or google words and phrases that you don’t understand; and write them down on a 3x5 card for future reference.

(7) Logical Criticisms of Textual Criticism, 60pp., 5.00 + P&H.

Lord God of Truth & Concerning the Teacher, 120pp., 10.00 + P&H.

(8) Modern Philosophy (combines 3 of Clark’s books formerly printed separately: The Philosophy of Science and Belief in God (excellent, mind-liberating) Most science is based on false assumptions and little can be proven that upholds the entire fraudulent house of cards - Clark masterfully demolishes the lies of modern science, which is the bulk of the framework of scientific philosophy and false conclusions - a truly mind-liberating book; Behaviorism and Christianity; and William James and John Dewey; Clark annihiliates modern philosophy and psychology and gives incredible insight into language and knowledge in general; 450pp., pb., 10.25 x 7.25, 18.00 (reg. 22.00) + P&H; Hb., 25.00 (reg. 30.00) + P&H.

(7) New Heavens, New Earth (I and II Peter), 250pp., 13.00 + P&H.

(7) Pastoral Epistles, 233pp. pb., 20.00 + P&H (reg. 22); Hb., 26.00 + P&H (reg 30).

(7) Philippians, 137pp., 10.00 + P&H.

(8) Predestination, 176pp., pb., 13.00 + P&H.

The Presbyterian Philosopher: Dr. Gordon H. Clark (2017) by Doug Douma, 320pp., pb., 30.00 (reg. 37.00) + P&H; Hb. 50.00 (reg. 57.00) + P&H.

Thales to Dewey: A History of Philosophy, 450pp., 20.00 + P&H (reg. 22)

(10) The Trinity, 186pp., 13.00 + P&H.

What Do Presbyterians Believe?, 284pp., 12.00 + P&H.

(2) What is the Christian Life?, 342pp., pb., 13.00 (this new printing combines his Sanctification [a good follow-up book to The Atonement, showing beyond salvation what realities of the Christian faith are] and Today’s Evangelism: Counterfeit or Genuine?)

(11) What Is Saving Faith, 179pp., (combines Faith and Saving Faith & Johannine Logos, which contains great insight but can be a little tedious as he makes his case; but if you persevere, there are some great jewels in it.) 13.00 + P&H.

William James and John Dewey, 141pp., 10.00 + P&H.

P&H = 10% (5.00 minimum) within the U.S.

(email if you have any questions)